On November 1, 2016, the Payment Card Industry (“PCI”) Security Standards Council’s newest set of Data Security Standards (“DSS”) went into effect.  Announced earlier this year, PCI DSS Version 3.2 has made a variety of changes applicable to both merchants that accept payment cards as well as “Service Providers,” which are defined as third-party entities that “store, process, or transmit cardholder data” or that “manage components such as routers, firewalls, databases, physical security, and/or servers” on behalf of merchants. Below, we provide a summary of some of the more significant changes that affect merchants and Service Providers.