Susan Ross (US)

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BIPA and the record retention requirement

On November 30, 2022, an Illinois court of appeals ruled that Illinois’ biometrics privacy law—known as BIPA—requires that anyone subject to that law must develop a retention and destruction schedule when it possesses biometric data.  In this case, the court found that the employer (J&M Plating Inc.) violated BIPA because it did not create its … Continue reading

HHS: Online trackers without prior authorization and BAAs can violate HIPAA

HHS: Online trackers without prior authorization and BAAs can violate HIPAA By Steve Roosa, Sue Ross, Dan Rosenzweig On the evening of December 1, 2022, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issued a 12-page Bulletin titled “Use of Online Tracking Technologies by HIPAA Covered Entities and Business Associates (the “Bulletin”).  In the … Continue reading

NYDFS proposes significant cybersecurity regulation amendments

On November 9, 2022, the New York Department of Financial Services (NYDFS) officially proposed changes to its cybersecurity regulation and opened a 60-day public comment period.  NYDFS had issued a “pre-proposed” version of the changes in July of this year, which we had summarized here.  NYDFS retained many of those earlier proposed changes, and made … Continue reading

Ignoring cyber threats can affect your job—and haunt your next one

On October 21, 2022, the US Department of Health and Human Services, along with the FBI and the Cybersecurity Infrastructure and Security Agency (CISA), issued a bulletin warning that a cyber threat actor group known as “Daixin Team,” is actively targeting US businesses, predominantly in the healthcare and public health sectors, with ransomware and data … Continue reading

NYDFS settles with EyeMed for $4.5 million

On October 18, 2022, the New York Department of Financial Services announced a settlement with EyeMed, a licensed life, accident, and health insurer, with respect to a security incident that occurred in 2020.  The settlement claimed that EyeMed had committed seven violations of the NYDFS Cybersecurity Regulation, including failure to have an appropriate annual risk … Continue reading

First part of EU/ US Transatlantic Data Protection Framework published today

On 7 October 2022, the US White House published the Executive Order on enhancing safeguards for United States signals intelligence activities. This action is the first part of the US legal apparatus required for the EU Commission to find certain transfers to the US to be adequate. It is also likely in due course to … Continue reading

California Age-Appropriate Design Code Act

On September 15, 2022, California’s Governor Newsom signed A.B. 2273, known as the California Age-Appropriate Design Code Act (“CADC”).  The law, to be codified at Cal. Civ. §§ 1798.99.28 – 1798.99.40, will go into effect on July 1, 2024, but businesses that will be affected by it will need to be in compliance by that … Continue reading

NYDFS proposes significant cybersecurity regulation amendments

On July 29, 2022, the New York Department of Financial Services (NYDFS) announced a “pre-proposed outreach” of material proposed changes to almost every section of its cybersecurity regulations, and would affect each entity covered by the current regulations of 23 NYCRR Part 500.  Because this version is the “preposed” copy of the changes, there is … Continue reading

More New York SHIELD Act guidance

On June 20, 2022, the New York Attorney General (NYAG) announced a consent agreement (called an Assurance of Discontinuance) with Northeast grocery chain Wegmans for, among other things, violations of the SHIELD Act requirements.  Wegmans does not confirm or deny the NYAG’s findings. In brief, on April 5, 2021, a security researcher contacted Wegmans about … Continue reading

Apply the law where breached servers are located?

On June 28, 2022, a federal trial court in South Carolina ruled that a group of consumers could proceed with common law negligence and gross negligence claims if they could meet the state law elements where the breached servers were located—in this case, Massachusetts.  In re Blackbaud, Inc. Customer Data Breach Litigation, Case No.: 3:20-mn-02972-JFA, … Continue reading

New PCI DSS v4.0 – Flexibility added

On March 31, 2022, the PCI Security Standards Council released the new version of the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (version 4.0), which represents an update almost four years in the making.  In addition to some clarifications and rearrangements, the new PCI DSS 4.0 includes 51 new requirements for all entities, and 13 new … Continue reading

US banking regulators promulgate a final rule for 36-hour notice of breach

On November 18, 2021, the US federal banking regulators Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Federal Reserve Board and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation jointly announced a final rule that will require banking organizations (which includes the U.S. operations of foreign banking organizations) to notify their regulators as soon as possible but no later than 36 hours of … Continue reading

Notice of employer electronic monitoring

On November 8, 2021, New York became the third state to require private employers to provide employees with notice of employer monitoring of phone, email, and internet access/usage.  New York’s new law (SB 2628) goes into effect on May 7, 2022.  New York joins Connecticut and Delaware, whose laws are already in effect.  Unfortunately for … Continue reading

Customers Can Pursue Negligence Claims Directly Against Vendor

On October 19, 2021, a federal trial court in South Carolina ruled that a group of consumers could proceed with common law negligence and gross negligence claims directly against their organizations’ vendor that had been the victim of a security breach—instead of suing the organizations of which they were customers.  In re Blackbaud, Inc. Customer … Continue reading

Over-retention of personal data

The declining cost of electronic data storage may have caused some company executives to conclude that retaining personal data forever is “cheap.”  Perhaps the CNIL’s  €1.75 million (USD $2,051,930) penalty for over-retention will lead to a different view. The matter involved one of France’s largest insurers, SGAM AG2R LA MONDIALE, which was subject to an … Continue reading

Proposed “Cyber Incident Reporting for Critical Infrastructure Act of 2021”

On August 27, 2021, the U.S. House Homeland Security Committee released a draft bill that would, among other things, establish a Cyber Incident Review Office (CIR Office) within the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), which is part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and require critical infrastructure owners and operators to report … Continue reading

President Biden’s Executive Order on improving the nation’s cybersecurity

On May 12, 2021, President Biden issued an Executive Order aimed at improving cybersecurity of the federal government, with assistance from the private sector.  The 18-page Executive Order does not set forth specific requirements, but rather sets deadlines for named agencies to develop requirements, standards, or guidelines on specific cybersecurity areas.  The Executive Order also … Continue reading
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