On March 10, 2020, the New York Department of Financial Services (NYDFS) issued guidance to all of its regulated institutions engaged in virtual currency business activity, requiring them to have plans for preparedness to manage the possible operational and financial risks posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. NYDFS requires the plans to be submitted by Thursday, April 9, 2020.… Continue Reading
In a judgment which will be warmly welcomed by employers (and their insurers) in the UK, the UK Supreme Court today overruled the Court of Appeal in holding that that Morrisons supermarkets is not vicariously liable for a data breach maliciously caused by a former employee.
The Supreme Court concluded that the Court of Appeal had misunderstood the principles governing vicarious liability in their previous judgments in the case.… Continue Reading
An interim proprietary injunction has been granted by the English High Court over a bitcoin ransom payment paid to a third-party wallet.… Continue Reading
The GDPR has significantly altered the landscape of data protection. Its broad scope and potentially severe penalties have forced those who hold and process data to take note of its provisions. In certain instances, that will include many in the international arbitration community, such as arbitral institutions. In parallel, cyber attacks and instances of hacking in the arbitration context have brought cyber security issues to the fore.
As a result, data protection and cyber security are now hot topics in international arbitration. A majority of respondents in the 2018 Queen Mary International Arbitration Survey listed “security of electronic communications and … Continue Reading
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) may not be the first agency that comes to mind with respect to cybersecurity, but the SEC has been in the headlines recently with respect to cyber fraud in particular. Earlier this month, the SEC promulgated a report urging companies to take preventive measures against cyber fraud.… Continue Reading
On July 23 and 25, 2018, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) held public briefings about an attempt by a state-sponsored Russian hacking group to target control systems for U.S. electrical grids and power plants. DHS’ webinar explained that the hackers obtained access to vendors providing computer services to electric utilities companies. This initial access enabled the hackers to gain entry to power company control systems through a complex series of security compromises lasting quite some time. … Continue Reading
By June 30, 2018, retailers accepting digital (online) credit card transactions must cease using encryption protocols known as SSL or TLS 1.0. Retailers must transition to TLS 1.1 or higher (such as the popular TLS 1.2) or else lose the ability to accept credit card payments. … Continue Reading
The Singapore Parliament passed the much discussed Cybersecurity Bill (the Bill) on 5 February 2018 and it is anticipated that the new law will come into force soon. The new law creates a regulatory framework for the monitoring and reporting of cybersecurity threats to essential services in Singapore through the appointment of the Commissioner of Cybersecurity. It also creates a licensing regime that will require certain data security service providers in Singapore to be registered.
We set out below four key points that you should know about this new Bill.… Continue Reading
Slightly over one year ago, several major distributed denial-of-service (“DDoS”) attacks took place, including a major event affecting the domain name service provider Dyn, which caused outages and slowness for a number of popular sites, including Amazon, Netflix, Reddit, SoundCloud, Spotify, and Twitter.
Now, a new Internet of Things (IoT) botnet, called IoT Reaper, or IoTroop, has been discovered by researchers and could present a threat that could dwarf the 2016 attacks and create a major disruption to internet activity around the world.… Continue Reading
In a bid to keep pace with advancements in the technological landscape, the Singapore Government has in recent months embarked on public consultations on its draft Cybersecurity Bill (the Cyber Bill) and its proposed amendments to Singapore’s Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA) to update the country’s data protection regime. These changes will have a significant impact on how companies manage personal data and secure their information systems.
This article seeks to summarise the proposed changes to the Singapore cybersecurity and data protection regulatory framework and provide some brief thoughts on how this may impact organisations operating in Singapore.… Continue Reading
A new strain of malware began infecting computer systems across the globe on Tuesday. Similar to the WannaCry ransomware that struck last month, the malware used in this week’s attack spreads quickly across multiple computers on a network, encrypting files and displaying a ransom note that requests $300 worth of bitcoin for a decryption key.
Reports of infection began in Ukraine, where computer systems belonging to government ministries, financial institutions, transportation systems, and major energy companies began malfunctioning. The attack was first believed to be caused by a variant of the “Petya” strain of ransomware, however recent reports from security … Continue Reading
In this post, we summarize key facts regarding the WannaCry ransomware attack, provide an abbreviated list of known affected companies, and offer an overview of the legal issues and the response to the attack. This post is an update to our prior coverage of WannaCry.… Continue Reading
A large-scale ransomware attack began impacting companies and hospitals across the United States, Europe, and Asia early Friday morning. According to reports, companies in more than 70 countries have reported incidents as of Friday afternoon.
The attacks are being caused by ransomware called “WannaCry,” which quickly moves across systems to encrypt large amounts of computer data. Ransom demands seen during the current attack have requested Bitcoin amounts that equal between $300 and $600 in return for the decryption key. According to security researchers, the ransomware exploits a vulnerability in Microsoft’s Windows operating system that was disclosed in an … Continue Reading
A two-month consultation on proposed measures to reduce and mitigate cyber security risks associated with internet trading of securities in Hong Kong (the Consultation) was launched on 8 May 2017 by the Securities and Futures Commission (the SFC).
The Consultation follows a recent review by the SFC of resilience of brokers in Hong Kong to cyber-attacks (such as the hacking of trading accounts, installation of ransomware and denial of service attaches) and is set against a backdrop of the increasing number of cyber security incidents to the financial services sector.
Singapore’s Personal Data Protection Commission has on 21 March 2017 issued a warning to a local firm for disclosing a former employee’s personal information in a company WhatsApp group.
A director at the firm, Executive Coach International, had shared highly sensitive information about the former employee with 58 members of a chat group comprising staff and volunteers. The firm provides life and executive coaching services to individuals and corporate clients.
The case is the first in Singapore to find that sharing personal data via a private, members-only instant messaging group is still a breach of the Personal Data Protection Act … Continue Reading
Several significant distributed denial-of-service (“DDoS”) attacks have taken place in the last few weeks, including a major event involving a domain name service provider (Dyn), which caused outages and slowness for many popular sites like Amazon, Netflix, Reddit, SoundCloud, Spotify, and Twitter. This significant attack came on the heels of two major DDoS attacks against KrebsonSecurity and France-based hosting provider, OVH, in late September—each of which set records as the largest of these attacks in history. Most recently, nearly 900,000 Deutsche Telekom routers in Germany were attacked, causing significant internet and television outages across the country. … Continue Reading
The United Arab Emirates Penal Code was amended with effect from October 29, 2016 to outlaw the copying, distribution or disclosure of information that a person obtains in the course of their employment. This new offence will target company insiders (or service providers) unlawfully dealing in personal data. Other changes to the Penal Code will increase the maximum penalty payable by organisations for criminal acts committed by their representatives.… Continue Reading
On Friday, October 21, a series of Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks were launched against the servers of Dyn, a major DNS host. DNS hosts operate in a manner akin to a switchboard for the Internet, helping to route domain names (e.g., dataprotectionreport.com) to underlying IP addresses (e.g., 18.104.22.168). By attacking Dyn, hackers were able to prevent end-users from reaching the websites and online services that relied on Dyn, including Netflix, Twitter, Spotify, SoundCloud, Amazon, AirBnB, Reddit, PayPal, Pinterest, CNN, Fox News, the Guardian, the New York Times, and the Wall Street Journal. In a statement, Dyn … Continue Reading
Recent comments by FTC Chairwoman Edith Ramirez suggest that a company’s failure to take preventative measures to address ransomware could result in an enforcement action by the FTC, even if a company is never actually subject to a ransomware attack. The Chairwoman’s comments reflect a growing concern among US government agencies regarding ransomware and may foreshadow additional FTC action, building upon a developing trend of US regulators engaging in pre-breach enforcement action.… Continue Reading
On July 26, 2016, the White House issued the United States Cyber Incident Coordination Directive (Presidential Policy Directive PPD-41, including an Annex). The Directive sets forth the principles governing the Federal Government’s response to cyber incidents, including incidents affecting private entities that are part of U.S. critical infrastructure. The Directive is designed to improve coordination between government agencies and to clarify inter-departmental involvement in response to a cyber incident.… Continue Reading
Earlier this week, our colleague Sue Ross wrote on the intersection of trademark law and cybersecurity on Norton Rose Fulbright’s Brand Protection Blog. The post explains that by protecting its brand, a company can help to improve cybersecurity. For example, by seeking to recover “squatted” domain names and complaining to social networks about trademark infringement, a company can help to ensure that consumers are interacting with the intended party. As “squatted” domains and accounts are sometimes used to spread malware and collect sensitive information from emails sent to mistyped domain names, a company can help to improve cybersecurity and … Continue Reading
A recently-reported court case in the United Arab Emirates has highlighted the importance of establishing and implementing good privacy practices, even in the absence of specific data protection legislation.
In late 2014, the UAE public prosecutor charged three officials from a federal authority – the general director, a branch manager and an IT manager – with violating privacy laws and breaching public security by placing CCTV cameras in a female customer service centre. The men argued that they had installed the cameras for security purposes and that the female employees were aware of the cameras. The men were initially held … Continue Reading
Cyber criminals appear to have gained unauthorized access to ADP, Inc.’s self-service customer portal to file fraudulent tax returns for some ADP customer employees.
ADP has reportedly confirmed that a subset of its customers have been the victim of tax fraud perpetrated by hackers posing as customer employees on ADP’s portal. We recommend that ADP customers consider taking certain steps to protect their employees’ information against tax fraud.
Last week, the Hollywood Presbyterian Medical Center was able to successfully negotiate the release of a collection of system resources and data files that had been encrypted and held hostage by ransomware attackers. Ransomware is a peculiar type of malware that is not designed or intended to steal personal or confidential information. Rather, ransomware is built to exploit the inherent value assigned to data security and control, by taking it away from the user. It does this by combing for critical system files and potentially valuable user data (word documents, excel spreadsheets, pdf files, outlook messages, and the like). As … Continue Reading